I am reminded of an Evaluation Dept study (under Planning Dept) done long ago in AP state, on the impact of a self reliant energy village project in a tribal (lambadi) village:
several depts of the state and centre, local industrial house, a NGO and the people united to generate self reliant energy for local needs - for cooking, street lighting, community TV etc
the local industry house provided a fenced land for growing fuel trees, a community TV room, a watch man and panel for tapping solar energy to run the TV..
the Rural Dept provided a community Bio gas plant for supply of gas for cooking to the houses. For getting the dung for gobar gas plant, the available milch cattle were not adequate and it was proposed to give loans for purchase of milch catle for more families to provide income as well as supply dung for the plant..
the cooperative dept proposed to give loans for the purchase of cattle by the willing locals..
the Alternate Energy dept gave free solar cookers to each family..
the NGo coordinated the work once the project was inaugurated with much fanfare by a central minister invited for the occassion by the state officials and wide publicity in media..
after a decade, the evaluation dept went for an assessment of the energy produced from the project for attaining self sufficiency...
it found that the solar cookers were not used by the tribals who were chapathi eaters (Wheat cake) which could not be cooked by it..
the fenced fuel farm was in spoils by tresspassers who cut the wood and no replanting done..
the watch man provided by the industry for initial watch was withdrawn and there was no protection to the farm..
the community bio gas plant was not functioning as there was no adequate supply of dung and the addl milch animals proposed were not provided on various grounds..
the community TV was however functioning as also some street lights using solar panels..
thus it turned out that a multi-lakh project started with much hope and preparation was in near total spoils..
the state of macro admin is no better.. the govts talked of alternate energy generation when the last fuel crisis struck by surprise.. but the moment the problem was resolved, all the plans for alt source of energy were given up..
now the projects of wild castor cultivation etc under wasteland dev scheme, for bio diesel production in various states are progressing sluggishly..
this is just to prove that the govts are not serious to solve any problem however serious and he public is also totally unconcerned with the impending crises like the energy and water scarcity...
unless public education is intensified and much pressure is mounted on the govt we can not expect any serious action from the govts